List Of Phytochemicals:
Functions and Presence in Fruits and Vegetables

Color Group

Phytochemicals

Representative fruits and
vegetables

Main function of these
Phytochemicals

Green
  • Indoles
  • Isothiocyanates
  • Beta-aroteneLutein
  • Zeaxanthin
  • Flavones
  • Flavanols
  • Broccoli
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Bok Choy
  • Cauliflower
  • Cabbage
  • Turnip
  • Lettuce
  • Honeydew
  • Arugala
  • Swiss Chard
  • Watercress
  • Endive Avocado
  • Spinach,
  • Collard Greens
  • Kale
  • Kiwi
  • Green Peas
  • Green Peppers
  • Leafy Greens,
  • Mustard Greens
  • Prevent cancer.
  • Good for the circulatory system.
  • Have good vitamin B and minerals.
  • Maintaining strong bones and teeth
  • Prevent cataracts and eye disease, as well as
    osteoporosis.

Orange/Yellow
  • Alpha-CaroteneBeta
  • Beta-CaroteneBeta
  • Cryptoxanthin
  • Flavonoids
  • Carrots
  • Pumpkins
  • Buttemut
  • Squash
  • Mangos
  • Apricots
  • Canteloupe, Oranges
  • Tangerines
  • Yellow Grapefruit
  • Peaches
  • Lemons
  • Limes
  • Papaya
  • Pineapple
  • Nectarines
  • Repair DNA.
  • Help prevent cancer and heart disease.
  • Keeps our eyes and skin healthy.
  • Protects against infections.
  • Boost the immune system.
  • Keeps our teeth and gums healthy.
  • Help to heal cuts.
  • Improves the mucus membranes.
  • Help to absorb iron, prevents inflammation.
  • Improves circulation, and therefore prevents heart
    disease.
Red
  • Lycopene
  • Ellagic acid
  • Resveratrol
  • Quercetins
  • Tomatoes
  • Watermelon
  • Red Cabbage
  • RedPepper
  • Radishes
  • Beets
  • Apples
  • Kidney Beans
  • Help reduce damage from free radicals in our body.
  • Prevents heart disease, cancer, prostrate problems.
  • Reduces the skin damage from the sun.
  • Help memory function, urinary tract health, and makes
    your heart healthy.
Blue/Purple
  • Anthocyanins
  • Ellagic Acid
  • Resveratrol
  • Flavonoids
  • Proanthocyanidins
  • Grapes
  • Cherries
  • Red Wine
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Cranberries
  • Plums
  • Prunes
  • Raisins
  • Anti-aging.
  • Help improve circulation and prevent blood clots.
  • Prevent
    heart disease.
  • Help memory function and urinary tract health and to reduce free radical
    damage.
White
  • Allyl
  • SulfidesAlliumAllicin
  • Garlic,
  • Onions, Chives, Leeks, Scallions, Chives
  • Anti-bacterial.
  • Anti-fungal.
  • Anti-viral chemical.
  • Prevent cancer and heart disease.
  • Keep the joints healthy.
  • Helps maintain low cholesterol.
Black
  • Thearubigens
  • Anthocyanins
  • Black Tea
  • Blackberries
  • Black Mushrooms
  • Black Beans
  • Black Rice
  • Licorice
  • Reduce cholesterol.
  • Lower high blood pressure.
  • Boost the immune system.
  • Inhibit the growth of tumors.